GMS 77, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland City Libraries

GMS 77, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland City Libraries

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GMS 77, Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland City Libraries

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Manner of speaking; or Short conversation with the natives of Port Essington, North Australia

Author: Father Anjelo Confalonieri
Ref No: GMS 77
Date Created: 1846

The language Confalonieri transcribed is Garig, a now no-longer-spoken language of the Iwaidjan group. It is closely related to Iwaidja, which is now on the highly endangered list, with about 200 speakers.

In the early 1800s, the British government became interested in establishing a settlement on Australia's northern coastline in order to facilitate trade with Asia. Port Essington was revisited as this settlement after the failure of Fort Dundas and Fort Wellington to fulfill this purpose.

In 1844, a group of convicts, which included trained masons and quarry men among them, was stationed at Port Essington. They were able to build a hospital of some quality at a beacon. This was followed by the 1846 decision of Father Angelo Confalonieri to found a Catholic mission nearby, in an attempt to convert the local population. He had some success, converting around 400 people, but he died in of fever in 1848, and the mission died with him.

Tags: 19qw0, 19th century, 3syqxf, 5bhfk, aboriginal, ae44q, Arnhem Land, Australia, Garig, h6eaxd, iixhb, Italians, jgzvk, languages, lzoz4t, msy84, myj8d1, p5vnt, v7bdr, wi22kk, yho3n, ymqx8, yyssq

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